What is Alzheimer’s?
Alzheimer’s is a disease in which the patients loses their memory. When a patient has Alzheimer’s, they will forget their loved ones and forget basic life skills, such as feeding and dressing themselves and using the toilet. This usually happens to patients who are 65 or older. This also happens more often to women than men. While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s, patient’s symptoms can be treated with medications. 1 in 10 people older than 65 have Alzheimer’s.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s
Symptoms progress slowly. If you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or a loved one, it’s best to let a doctor know.
Early signs and symptoms:
- Memory loss
- Planning & problem-solving challenges
- Difficulty completing tasks at home and work
- Confused regarding time and place
- Difficulty reading, judging distance, and driving
- Problems following or joining a conversation
- Poor judgement
- No longer interested in work, hobbies, and social activities
- Mood changes
Signs of severe Alzheimer’s:
- Increased anxiety and aggression
- Repeating questions
- Losing personal items such as keys
- Begins wandering around and getting lost
- Loss of bladder control
- Weight loss
While the main diagnosis is through symptoms, there are other tests to rule out other conditions. Blood tests can be ran to rule out conditions that may cause memory loss or confusion such as a vitamin deficiency or a thyroid disorder. Doctors may also run tests to verify mental status. MRIs, PET scans and CT scans can also be used to check for strokes, trauma, or tumors.
Different Stages of Alzheimer’s
In this stage, there is no signs of Alzheimer’s.
In stage 2, there may be small memory problems. They may lose things, but these memory problems are small and they are likely not able be detected by doctors.
In this stage, memory problems begin to become noticeable. Doctors will be able to detect memory problems. Patients in this stage may have problems remembering names, planning, and having conversations.
In the fourth stage, symptoms become very noticeable. Patients begin having issues paying bills, begin forgetting life details, and begin losing their short-term memory.
In this stage, patients begin to have issues with their daily functions. While they can still function properly, they may have issues properly dressing themselves and dealing with daily confusion.
In the sixth stage, patients are no longer able to be alone. They require constant supervision. In this stage, symptoms such as loss of bladder control, wandering, and extreme loss of memory take place.
In this final stage of Alzheimer’s, patients can no longer communicate. They still may be able to mutter out words. People may also lose their ability to swallow in this stage.
Treatments for Alzheimer’s
There are medications that can help with memory problems. These medications are cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine. Cholinesterase inhibitors can also improve depression and help ease agitation in Alzheimer’s patients. Memantine helps to slow the progression of symptoms.
Massage Therapy for Alzheimer’s
Much like children, elderly people respond well to touch. We all crave touch. When patients receive a massage, it calms and comforts them. It also helps patients interact better with others. According to Holly Cotton, a licensed health care administrator, just the act of a physical touch that isn’t necessarily associated with typical care gives the resident a feeling of calm and centeredness.
Massage can also help by improving sleep and helping to relax the patient. This also can help psychologically for the patient. By circulating your blood, massage therapy can help slow down the progression of memory loss.
Massage therapy can also offer benefit patients in ways such as:
- Raising endorphin levels
- Increase brain activity
- Positive effects on disruptive behavior and wandering
- Improved mood & well being
Different Types of Massages
Foot massages are very beneficial in inducing relaxation, alleviating anxiety, promoting sleep, and easing pain.
Hand massages may be easier to be accepted by Alzheimer’s patients because holding hands is so familiar. All patients need is a 5-10-minute hand massage. Hand massages help decrease agitation, along with the frequency of agitation happens. A hand massage may also help strengthen the relationship between the patient and their family care partner.
Slow-stroke Back Massage
A slow-stroke back massage uses effleurage in a figure-eight formation on both sides of the back, moving the palm of the hand in long, rhythmic, firm strokes. This type of massage helps with sleep, anxiety, agitation, and helps to decrease blood pressure and heart rate.
A Study on the Efficacy of Reflexology in Dementia Patients
In this 2008 study, 21 residents with mild dementia were split into two categories. One group was given 4 weeks of weekly reflexology treatments and then followed up with four weeks of a control condition. The other group received four weeks of friendly visits followed by 4 weeks of weekly reflexology. The primary result that researchers wanted to achieve was to help lower stress in dementia patients. The results of the study concluded that the control group had no significant improvements, while the reflexology conditioned group showed significant improvements. Patients had a decline in pain and sadness. Due to these findings, it’s important that patient’s families are aware of these benefits as reflexology can be performed anywhere.
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Facts & Figures. Alzheimer’s Association.
McDaniel, R. 2017. Amazing Benefits of Massage for Alzheimer Disease Patients. The Diary of an Alzheimer’s Caregiver.
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Hodgson, N. Andersen, S. 2002. The Clinical Efficacy of Reflexology in Nursing Home Residents with Dementia.